Almaty was founded in the 10th century BC and got designated city status in 1867. It covers an area of 263 square miles with a population of 1,703,481 square miles. The city served as the capital of the country from 1929 to 1977 when the government relocated the capital to Astana. Today this major city in Kazakhstan still the great commercial and cultural city of the nation. In 1887, a major earthquake destroyed the entire city in less than fifteen minutes.
Aktau is the almost 40-year-old city overlooking the great Caspian Sea. It fascinates tourists with its beauty and among the most serene visiting places and most beautiful cities in Kazakhstan. Aktau offers its visitors some of the rare Kazakhstan tourist attractions and more of ancient architectural ensembles. Cultural centers, concert halls, cinemas, and libraries from ancient times are spread all over the city and must be explored for a local feel of the place. It is one of the major cities in Kazakhstan.
Nur-Sultan is the capital of Kazakhstan. This city is counted in one of the best cities in Kazakhstan. It is located in the northern parts of the country on the Ishim River. It was established in 1830 as Akmoly and has changed the name several times. It was named Astana in 1998 and then Nur-Sultan in 2019. The city covers an area of 274.2 square miles and a population of 860,368 people. It was made the capital in December 1997. You would love to see here the popular tourist attractions in Astana like Khan Shatyr, Palace of Peace and Reconciliation, Bayterek Tower, National Museum of Kazakhstan, Nur-Astana Mosque, Hazrat Sultan Mosque, City Park, Independence Square and Kazak Eli Monument, Assumption Russian Orthodox Cathedral.
If you ‘re looking ancient sites, mysterious places, and admire ruins, then you must head to Taraz. it used to happen to among the famous Kazakhstan tourist spots and one of the largest cities in Kazakhstan. You will love to see plenty of secrets from the past century and one of the popular Kazakhstan tourist attractions worth your time. Akyrtas, Stonehenge, Mausoleum is Sha-Mansur, Aisha Bibi Mausoleum, Aisha Bibi village, Taraz Regional Museum, Shakhristan Market, etc. are the places in Taraz worth visiting.
Baikonur is administered by the Russian Federation. Baikonur is the world’s oldest, largest space launch facility and one of the top cities in Kazakhstan. Baikonur Cosmodrome that is situated in this city was one of a secret missile testing site. Baikonur happened to be a strategically important place for Russians. Beautiful tourist attractions in Baikonur you will get like Cosmonaut Grove, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Yuri Gagarin statue, Tribute to Yangel, and Nedelin catastrophe.
Shymkent was founded in the 12th century as Chimkent and the name was changed in 1993 in a bid by the government to apply Kazakh names to cities. In an area of 134 square miles, the total population is approximately 854,500 living here. Shymkent is traditionally known to produce lead, and a lead-smelting plant was established in 1934. The cities of Kazakhstan are as beautiful as Shymkent. The air pollution in the city is very high due to the smelting of lead. Other industries include those producing zinc, karakul pelts, textiles, foodstuffs, and pharmaceuticals.