Curious about politics in Belgium? This page may shed some light.
Belgium operates under a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy political structure. The country is a federal state with a constitutional monarchy, where the King of the Belgians serves as the ceremonial head of state. The executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister, who is the head of government and is responsible for leading the federal government.
The parliament of Belgium is a bicameral legislature, consisting of the Federal Parliament. It is composed of two chambers: the Chamber of Representatives and the Senate. Members of the Chamber of Representatives are elected through a proportional representation system, while Senators are either directly elected or appointed by the regional parliaments. The Federal Parliament is responsible for enacting laws, approving the national budget, and exercising legislative oversight over the government. Belgium has an independent judiciary that operates separately from the legislative and executive branches. The judiciary ensures the interpretation and application of the law, upholds justice, and protects the rights of individuals. The Court of Cassation is the highest court in Belgium and serves as the final appellate instance.
Belgium’s political structure is characterized by a complex federal system, with significant powers devolved to regional governments in Flanders, Wallonia, and Brussels. The structure aims to maintain a balance between the linguistic and regional communities within the country. Belgium’s political system upholds democratic principles, including the separation of powers, respect for the rule of law, and protection of individual rights and freedoms.