Ecuador Politics

This page explores Ecuador’s political structure incorporating real-time RSS feed news and videos. By harnessing the power of RSS feeds, visitors can stay informed about the latest developments in Ecuador’s politics as they happen. The dynamic nature of these feeds ensures that users receive up-to-the-minute updates on political events, policy changes, and significant milestones, enabling them to stay abreast of the ever-evolving political scene.

Daniel Noboa Azin
48th President of Ecuador
Assumed office
23 November 2023
Image credit

Ecuador is a democratic republic, and its government is divided into three branches: the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. The President of Ecuador, who serves as the head of state and head of government, leads the executive branch. The President is elected by popular vote for a four-year term and can be re-elected for a second consecutive term. The Vice President is also elected alongside the President. The President appoints the Council of Ministers, and together they execute the laws passed by the National Assembly and regulate the administration of the country.

The legislative branch is represented by the National Assembly, a unicameral body composed of 137 members. The National Assembly members are elected for four-year terms, and they have the power to pass laws, levy taxes, and make decisions on domestic and foreign policy matters. The National Assembly also has the authority to oversee the activities of the other branches of government, and it can call for impeachment of the President and other government officials under certain circumstances.

The judiciary is independent of the executive and legislative branches. The highest court in Ecuador is the National Court of Justice, consisting of 21 judges appointed for nine-year terms by the Judicial Council, a body designed to manage and oversee the judiciary. Below the National Court of Justice, the judicial system includes provincial courts, cantonal courts, and rural and urban judges. The Constitutional Court interprets the Constitution and has the power to review and rule on the constitutionality of laws. The Ecuadorian legal system is based on civil law, and all judicial decisions are based on the Constitution and enacted laws.

Ecuador: Violence leaves streets empty in 'armed internal conflict' - BBC News

U.S. Drug War Arrives in Ecuador, with Baggage

Joined by other U.S. officials, Laura Richardson, commander of the U.S. Army’s Southern Command, was in Ecuador January 22-25 to confer with government leaders there about U.S. military assistance. They included recently elected, and very wealthy, President Daniel Noboa. She mentioned to reporters an “investment portfolio…worth $93.4 million including not only military equipment … [but also] humanitarian assistance and disaster response, [and] professional military education.”

Prompting the visit was recently intensifying crime and turmoil manifesting as prison riots, escapes from prisons, and assassinations of political figures. A homicide rate of 5.8 per 100,000 persons in 2017 increased to 43 murders per 1000 Ecuadorians in 2023.

In the “grip of drug gangs,” Ecuador has been receiving cocaine and other illicit drugs produced and processed in countries such as Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. From Guayaquil and Esmeraldas, ports in Ecuador, the goods move on to U.S. and European consumers. The cartels’ former routes, through Central America and the Caribbean, are less active. (Read more at CounterPunch.org)

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