Curious about politics in Laos? This page may shed some light.
The Lao People’s Democratic Republic is one of the world’s few socialist states openly endorsing communism. The only legal political party is the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party (LPRP). With one-party state status of Laos, the General Secretary (party leader) holds ultimate power and authority over state and government and serves as the supreme leader. As of 22 March 2021 the head of state is President Thongloun Sisoulith. He has been General Secretary of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party, a position making him the de facto leader of Laos, since January 2021. Government policies are determined by the party through the eleven-member Politburo of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party and the 61-member Central Committee of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party.
Laos’s first French-written and monarchical constitution was promulgated on 11 May 1947, and declared Laos an independent state within the French Union. The revised constitution of 11 May 1957 omitted reference to the French Union, though close educational, health and technical ties with the former colonial power persisted. The 1957 document was abrogated in December 1975, when a communist people’s republic was proclaimed. A new constitution was adopted in 1991 and enshrined a “leading role” for the LPRP.