Politics

Nepal Politics

Curious about politics in Nepal? This page may shed some light.

NEPAL - Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba--
Sher Bahadur Deuba
Prime Minister of Nepal
Incumbent
Assumed office
13 July 2021
Image credit
The politics of Nepal functions within the framework of a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and their cabinet, while legislative power is vested in the Parliament.
 
Governing Nepali Congress and CPN (UML) remain main rival of each other since the early 1990s with each party being winning the other in successive election. It has seven political parties mainly recognized in the federal parliament Nepali Congress (NC), CPN (UML), CPN(Maoist-centre), CPN(Unified Socialist), PSP-N, Loktantrik Samajbadi Party and Nepal Socialist Party. While all major parties officially espouse democratic socialism, UML, Unified Socialist and Maoist-centre is considered leftist while Nepali Congress, Loktantrik Samajbadi Party are considered centrist, with most considering it center-left and some center-right. The party PSP-N is center-left to left-wing. During most of the brief periods of democratic exercise in the 1950s as well as the 1990s, Nepali Congress held a majority in parliament. Following the entry of the Maoists into the political process, they were the largest party in the first constituent assembly and Nepali Congress was the largest in the second, with no party winning a majority. In second constituent assembly Nepali Congress stood first without winning a majority. 
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