Sudan Politics

Curious about politics in Sudan? This page may shed some light.

SUDAN - Chairman of the Transitional Sovereignty Council Abdel Fattah al Burhan
Abdel Fattah al Burhan
Chairman of the Transitional Sovereignty Council
Assumed office
25 October 2021
Image credit

Sudan, located in northeastern Africa, has experienced significant political changes in recent years. The country has transitioned from a long period of authoritarian rule to a more inclusive and transitional political system. Sudan’s political landscape is characterized by a diverse range of political parties, ethnic groups, and social movements. Historically, Sudan faced authoritarian rule under President Omar al-Bashir, who came to power in a military coup in 1989. His regime was marked by repression, conflict, and economic challenges. However, in April 2019, widespread protests led to the ousting of President al-Bashir and the establishment of a transitional government.

The transitional government in Sudan comprises a Sovereign Council and a Council of Ministers. The Sovereign Council consists of civilian and military representatives, with the aim of facilitating a transition to democracy. The Council of Ministers, headed by a Prime Minister, is responsible for day-to-day governance. The transitional period is expected to last until 2023, leading to democratic elections.

During this transitional period, Sudan has taken steps towards political reforms, including the signing of a peace agreement with rebel groups, the repeal of restrictive laws, and the restructuring of security forces. The government has also initiated dialogue and reconciliation processes to address grievances and promote social cohesion among various ethnic and regional groups.

Sudan faces numerous challenges, including the need for economic reform, addressing longstanding conflicts in regions like Darfur and the Two Areas, and ensuring a smooth democratic transition. International support and cooperation play a crucial role in assisting Sudan’s political and economic transformation. Sudan’s political future remains uncertain, but the country is on a path towards a more inclusive and democratic system. The transitional government’s efforts to engage diverse political actors and address historical grievances reflect a commitment to a more participatory and representative political order. The success of Sudan’s transition will depend on sustained efforts to promote political stability, economic development, and social reconciliation.