Sudan Politics

Curious about politics in Sudan? This page may shed some light.

SUDAN - Chairman of the Transitional Sovereignty Council Abdel Fattah al Burhan
Abdel Fattah al Burhan
Chairman of the Transitional Sovereignty Council
Assumed office
25 October 2021
Image credit

Currently, the politics of Sudan takes place in the framework of a federal provisional government. Previously, a President was head of state, head of government, and commander-in-chief of the Sudanese Armed Forces in a de jure multi-party system. Legislative power was officially vested in both the government and in the two chambers, the National Assembly (lower) and the Council of States (higher), of the bicameral National Legislature. The judiciary is independent and obtained by the Constitutional Court. However, following a deadly civil war and the still ongoing genocide in Darfur, Sudan was widely recognized as a totalitarian state where all effective political power was held by President Omar al-Bashir and his National Congress Party (NCP). However, al-Bashir and the NCP were ousted in a military coup which occurred on April 11, 2019. The government of Sudan was then led by the “Transitional Military Council” or TMC. 

On 20 August 2019, the TMC dissolved giving its authority over to the Sovereignty Council of Sudan, who were planned to govern for 39 months until 2022, in the process of transitioning to democracy. However, the Sovereignty Council and the Sudanese government were dissolved in October 2021.

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