Politics

Turkey Politics

Curious about politics in Turkey? This page may shed some light.

TURKEY - President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
12th President of Turkey
Incumbent
Assumed office
28 August 2014
Image credit
The politics of Turkey take place in the framework of a presidential republic as defined by the Constitution of Turkey. The President of Turkey is both the head of state and head of government.
 
Turkey’s political system is based on a separation of powers. Executive power is exercised by the Council of Ministers, which is appointed and headed by the President. Legislative power is vested in the Grand National Assembly. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Its current constitution was adopted on 7 November 1982 after a constitutional referendum.
 
Major constitutional revisions were passed by the National Assembly on 21 January 2017 and approved by referendum on 16 April 2017. The reforms, among other measures, abolished the position of Prime Minister and designated the President as both head of state and government, effectively transforming Turkey from a parliamentary regime into a presidential one.
 
The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Turkey a “hybrid regime” in 2019.
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