Tarawa is an atoll, a ring-shaped coral island that surrounds a lagoon, and belongs to the Gilbert Islands. It is also the capital of Kiribati and the most populated and largest city in Kiribati with approximately 40,311 residents. This is nearly half of the country’s entire population. It is separated into North and South Tarawa. This atoll covers an area of 193 square miles that enjoys a tropical climate from April through October. The rest of the year is the rainy season and likely to experience cyclones. Banana, papaya, coconut, and breadfruit trees all grow here. In 2014, the government of Tarawa invested in road infrastructure, modernizing the main road from dirt to concrete.
Betio is part of southern Tarawa and has a population of 12,509. Betio is the main port city to visit in Kiribati that is located on a separate islet. Betio Village is an important economic center for the country because of this port. The government invested in a roadway to connect Betio Village to Bairiki, in the 1980s. This construction changed the ocean current surrounding the islands and flooded Bikeman Island, which continues to be covered in water. Betio Village played an important role during World War II, like much of Kiribati. It was once the site of a Japanese massacre. This massacre took place against New Zealand military members. Today, many pieces of military equipment, as well as bunkers, can still be found throughout the area.
Taburao is a village on Abaiang, atoll in Kiribati There are 322 residents of the village (2010 census). The nearest villages are Ewena and Morikao to the north; and Tebero and Taburoa to the south. The largest health centre on the atoll is located near the Island Council building. A medical assistant is in charge who assisted by a nursing officer and the centre is accessed by people from the villages of Taburao, Tuarabu, Tebero and Ewena. Apart from small breaks, the whole coastline from Tuarabu to Taburao on the lagoon side is eroding as the result of wave action.
Bairiki is located on the outer Islands provide the tourists with a lot of recreational activities from fishing too, scuba diving to cultural activities. The easily accessible island is the Abaiang and is famous for the huge amount of fishing activities available for tourists. The Butaritari is another island that is said to be the greenest island of Kiribati and is famous for its world war II ruins. The Abemama island is good for snorkeling and swimming in the lagoons. It is one of the beautiful cities in Kiribati. The Tabiteuea is another island that is a traditional hotspot in Kiribati and is also the longest island.
Teaoraereke surrounding the Gilbert Islands were made a British protectorate in 1892 and a colony from 1916 until 1976. During World War II, Tarawa was invaded and occupied by the Japanese. It is one of the best cities to visit in Kiribati. On November 20, 1943, American military forces landed here and were attacked by the Japanese in what is now named as the Battle of Tarawa. The US military took control after three days of fighting. The battle resulted in 6,000 deaths.
Archaeological evidence suggests this best city in Kiribati area has been inhabited for thousands of years and carbon dating has placed the earliest settlements as far back as 200 BC. These earliest inhabitants are known as sea explorers and were able to cross the ocean in small boats. That tradition continues with the inhabitants today. The first Europeans arrived here in 1788 AD. At the beginning of the 19th century, American exploring expeditions arrived and mapped out the area.